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What are the methods of cleaning?

Aug 11

The Executive Housekeeper, or Director of Housekeeping, oversees and ensures that all housekeeping staff follow the standard operating procedures and use the correct cleaning methods. The housekeeping staff must use all the necessary tools, whether they are manual or machine-operated, to complete the task.

To maintain their beauty, durability, and permanence, the hotel must regularly clean and finish marble floors and carpets. The cleaning of floors and carpets is an important task that requires the attention of housekeepers.

You can either do the housekeeping cleaning manually or automatically. There may be different methods, such as washing. Use water as a cleaning agent, rinsing medium, abrasion, static or stable electricity, etc. Use a static mop, suction (i.e., Use a vacuum cleaner or force with pressurized water. This section summarizes the many cleaning methods.



  1. Sweeping

When the floor is too uneven to sweep, sweep it.

  • These brooms can be used for large areas, while push brooms can be used for smaller areas. Corn brooms work best in tight corners and tight spaces.
  • An ergonomically-friendly broom with a long handle is best.
  • This sweeping motion begins in the back corner of the room/area and ends at the door or exit.
  • Sweeping can be considered inefficient and not as advanced or hygienic because it is so often airborne.
  • You can sweep the dust into a long-handled dustpan with small, smooth strokes.
  • Keep the head of your broom on the ground.
  • Use a long-handled mop to sweep your feet.
  • The suction machine has replaced sweeping.
  • It is essential to sweep in a rhythmic and 'bounce' manner. This will allow you to avoid rolling the bristles underneath.
  • Use the broom to scoop dirt into a small pile.
  • Before you sweep further, use a dustpan.
  • Next, empty the dustpan from your cart and place it in a trash bag.
  1. Dusting

This task requires a methodical, well-organized approach to efficiency and ease.

  • The room attendants must begin dusting at the door. They should then move clockwise or anticlockwise through the room.
  • This will reduce the chance of you missing a spot.
  • You must fold the duster three more times, then again thrice. This technique will allow you to easily achieve 18 clean folds, making the duster more efficient.
  • It is important to make sure the duster does not hang from a corner.
  • Use a microfiber duster that is color-coded.
  • Don't use old rags. They leave behind dust and lint.
  • Dusting should be done starting at the highest surfaces. This will ensure that dust doesn't fall on objects already cleaned.
  • Spray a little solution on the duster if you're using a chemical or dusting solution.
  • Remember to not spray the dusting solution directly on the surface that you are cleaning. It can cause staining or stickiness.
  • After dusting is done, ensure that the duster is not left unattended in the room.
  • You will need to keep the duster away from any place it can be washed and dried.


  1. Dust Mopping/ Dry mopping/ Mop Sweeping

  • This is the best way to remove dust, sand, or grit from the floors.
  • Dust and other substances can scratch the floor and degrade its gloss if they aren't removed daily. In the end, it can penetrate the floor.
  • Dust mopping can be done with a dust control mop, which may or not contain a cleaning solution.
  • This solution will stop dust from rising when used.
  • Dust-mopping should be done in eight strokes. The mop head must also be placed on the floor each time.
  • Do not pull the mop backward.
  • After each figure is completed, turn the mop around to cover the remaining areas.
  • When sweeping open areas, you will need to use long straight lanes. You must then cover the entire area by moving up and down.
  • To sweep up any accumulated thrash, always use a dustpan.
  • You will need to carry your mop head up after you're done carefully. Then, put it in a bag and clean.


  1. Wet Mopping/ Damp Mopping

  • You will need to mop with damp water to remove any spillages or cling soil left behind from the dry removal process.
  • Wet-mopping is used to remove light to heavy soil from the floor surface. This could cause damage to the seal or finish.
  • Dust mopping is necessary before wet mopping.
  • Wet mopping can be done with neutral or mild alkaline chemicals.
  • The chemical must not need to be rinsed or used in a spray bottle.
  • Mix the appropriate cleaner with water in a bucket, and then use it on the floors.
  • Use mop water to submerge the mop in the bucket. Then squeeze the mop out until it becomes damp.
  • Begin mopping around baseboards with smooth strokes.
  • Continue to mop the entire area using the figure eight strokes.
  • When the bucket gets dirty, always change the water.
  • For stubborn and obstinate spots, a hard brush can be used. To speed up the drying of the floor, you can use the squeegee.
  • Next, drain the water out of the bucket. Rinse it with water and dry it.


  1. Manual Scrubbing

  • Modern surfaces require very little hand cleaning.
  • You will need to scrub your skin, working backward gently.
  • To remove any chemicals from the surface, rinse well.
  • To remove excess rinse water, you will need to use a squeegee.
  • Next, you will need to sweep the floor.


  1. Suction Cleaning

  • This is the first and most important step in all mechanized methods. It must be done on a daily basis.
  • It is very common to repeat these steps at the end.
  • Getting rid of as much soil as possible is important, so it doesn't spread, damage surfaces, or scratch the finish.
  • It removes dirt from the corners and edges of the room.
  • You will need to plug the vacuum cleaner into an appropriate power socket.
  • Always vacuum the room from one end to the other.
  • Use a vacuum cleaner that has high filtration. This is the best way to remove dry soil. It picks up and packages the soil, then extracts it without spreading it.
  • A wet vacuum cleaner, which also suckers water from floors, is now available.
  • Wet and dry vacuum cleaners are used in this type of work.
  • Carpet cleaning machines that work on the principle of suction must be used.


  1. Spray Buffing

  • This method employs a floor machine with 175- to 300 rpm (revolutions/minute) and a soft pad or brush.
  • The mechanism sprays a light mist of a commercially available cleaning product or chemical in front of the machine.
  • When we lift the machine from the surface, any soil, scrapes, light scratches, or marks are removed, and the shine is restored to its original state.
  • Next, vacuum or dust mop to get rid of loose dirt.


  1. Polishing

  • This technique uses a 175- to 1500-rpm floor machine. It requires a soft pad, brushes to remove soil, and a brush to lay the shine back in.
  • Next, vacuum or dust mop to get rid of loose dirt.


  1. Burnishing

  • To restore a floor's shine, this method employs an ultra-high speed floor machine (1500-2500 RPM).
  • The burnishing machine heats the friction and heat, which 'tempers' the finish. Therefore the floor lasts longer.
  • Then, vacuuming, dust-mopping, and damp-mopping are followed. These are preparatory steps and can also be used as follow-up procedures to remove any loose dirt.


  1. Scrubbing

  • This removes embedded dirt, marks, deeper scratches, and other imperfections from the floor, along with some of its finish.
  • Use the appropriate chemical/solution, the pad, or the brush. The water temperature, weight, and speed all determine whether the scrub is light or heavy.
  • You will need to use aggressive pads and higher acid/solutions to prevent this from happening. Also, you will need to use heavy, fast machines that can do the most thorough scrubbing.
  • The protective seal coat is removed by heavy scrubbing.
  • Only one to two coats can be removed by light scrubbing.


  1. Stripping

  • This is a vigorous process that requires you to remove all floor sealers and floor finishes. You will then be left with a floor ready for refinishing.
  • You will need to use a strong stripping agent such as a bristly or brush. This requires hot water and concentrated work. It can be costly and time-consuming.
  • The need to strip is not as severe if you are diligent in your use of other maintenance processes.


  1. Laundering

  • This is the cleaning process used to wash fabrics.
  • This is a way to remove soil and stains from textiles using a water-soluble medium.
  • It contains the instructions for washing, bleaching, drying, and pressing.
  • Other sub-processes are also available, e.g., softening, spot cleaning, starching, and searching.


  1. Dry Cleaning

  • This is where soil and stains are removed from textiles using a medium that does not contain water.
  • Dry cleaning refers to the use of a chemical solvent other than water for cleaning textiles and cloths.
  • It can be used to clean fabrics deficient in water and fine fabrics that are unable to withstand the rough, uneven and clumsy of a clothes dryer and washing machine.